Iran must acknowledge abuses before UN Committee

Amnesty International :
The Iranian authorities will make a farce of a UN Committee hearing into Iran’s human rights record unless they acknowledge current and past abuses، Amnesty International warned today.
The UN Human Rights Committee، which monitors how states comply with their obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights، begins meeting today to consider Iran.
The Iranian authorities’ report to the Committee، the first submitted since 1993; is more than a decade late.
“The Iranian authorities have already shown contempt for the Committee by submitting this report so late” said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui، Amnesty International’s Deputy Director for the Middle East and North Africa.
“They must now provide truthful answers to its questions and commit to providing a remedy to the many Iranians and their families who have suffered human rights violations”.
The Committee’s task is to consider how far Iran has upheld key rights enshrined in the Convention، including the right to life; freedom of expression، non- discrimination، and the prohibition of torture and arbitrary detention.
Iran’s report to the Committee and its written answers to the Committee’s initial questions both paint a severely distorted picture of its human rights record and fail to reflect serious and continuing abuses.
The Iranian authorities do implicitly acknowledge ways in which laws discriminate against women and minorities. They also refer to some laws which would offer protection if implemented، but which are widely flouted in practice.
And they make it clear that Iran is continuing to impose the death penalty on juvenile offenders - those convicted of offences when under 18 - despite the fact that this is explicitly prohibited under international law. In reality، Iran is a serial human rights violator which executes hundreds of people each year، including juvenile offenders.
The Iranian authorities also deny that minorities face any kind of discrimination. They vilify the Baha’i community، and accuse women’s rights activists of “contributing to public disorder”.
“It is shocking that the Iranian authorities are trying to imply that members of the lesbian، gay، bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community do not have rights which are protected under the Covenant،” said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui.
“It only highlights the degree of the authorities’ blindness and bigotry against those who identify themselves outside the narrow confines of state-imposed gender norms.”
In reality، consensual same-sex relations face draconian punishments including flogging and the death penalty.
Baha’is are frequently arrested or imprisoned on account of their faith، with over 100 currently behind bars. A Christian pastor، Yousef Nadarkhani، is awaiting the outcome of a retrial for “apostasy” for refusing to renounce his religion. If convicted، he could face the death penalty.
Iran jails defence lawyers and other human rights defenders and persecutes religious and ethnic minorities، along with anyone who expresses any form of peaceful dissent، after trials which are usually grossly unfair. Torture and other ill-treatment is routine.
“Iran’s appearance before the Human Rights Committee offers a small glimmer of hope to victims and their families. The country’s authorities must begin to listen to them، and implementing the Committee’s recommendations would be an important first step،” said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui.
“Cooperation with international human rights mechanisms must consist of more than appearing before the Human Rights Committee and rejecting the questions of the Committee’s experts. Allowing all UN Special Rapporteurs - and particularly the new Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Iran - into the country to conduct a fact-finding mission would be a welcome sign that the authorities are serious about their international engagement on human rights issues”، she said.
Iran has a patchy record on cooperation with UN human rights mechanisms. When it appeared before the UN Human Rights Commission’s Universal Periodic Review in 2010، it refused to acknowledge the gravity of its human rights situation، despite substantial evidence to the contrary.

Iايران بايد به نقض حقوق‌بشر در مقابل کميته سازمان ملل اعتراف کند

سايت عفو بين‌الملل - 17اکتبر 2011 – ساعت ندارد- عفوبين‌الملل امروز هشدار داد، مقامات ايراني يک نمايش خنده‌دار در استماع کميته سازمان ملل در رابطه با کارنامه حقوق‌بشر خود ارائه خواهند کرد مگر اين‌که به نقض حقوق‌بشر خود در حال و گذشته اعتراف کنند.

کميته حقوق‌بشر ملل ‌متحد که چگونگي اجابت تعهدات اعضا در رابطه با کنوانسيون بين‌المللي حقوق مدني و سياسي را مانيتور مي‌کند جلسه خود در رابطه با ايران را امروز آغاز مي‌نمايد.

مقامات ايراني براي اولين بار از سال 1993 – با بيش از يک دهه تأخير- گزارش خود را به کميته تسليم مي‌کنند.

حسيبه حاج سهراوي معاون عفوبين‌الملل در امور خاورميانه و شمال آفريقا گفت: ”مقامات ايراني از قبل تحقير خود نسبت به کميته را با اين ميزان تأخير در ارائه گزارش نشان داده‌اند“.

”آنها هم‌اکنون بايد پاسخهاي واقعي به سؤالات کميته ارائه کنند و متعهد به اصلاح و جبران هر آن‌چه بر سر بسياري از ايرانيان و خانوادهايشان که از نقض حقوق‌بشر رنج کشيده‌اند، باشند“.

وظيفه کميته اين است بررسي کند که چه ميزان ايران حقوق تقديس شده در کنوانسيون را تقويت کرده است. حقوقي که شامل حق حيات، آزادي بيان، عدم تبعيض و ممانعت از شکنجه و دستگيريهاي خودسرانه، مي‌شود .

گزارش ايران به کميته و جوابهاي مکتوب به سؤالات پايه‌يي هر دو يک تصوير مخدوش از پرونده حقوق‌بشر را ترسيم مي‌کند و شکستي است در منعکس کردن نقض جدي و ادامه‌دار حقوق‌بشر در ايران. …

در حقيقت ايران ناقض سريالي از حقوق‌بشر است که صدها تن از مردم از جمله نوجوانان بزهکار را سالانه اعدام مي‌کند.

مقامات ايران هم‌چنين انکار مي‌کنند اقليتها با انواع تبعيض‌ها مواجه‌اند. …

ايران وکلاي مدافع و ديگر مدافعان حقوق‌بشر را زنداني کرده و اقليتهاي ملي و مذهبي همراه با هر کس که بهر شکلي مخالفت صلح‌آميز کند را بعد از يک دادگاه معمولاً ناعادلانه مورد آزار و اذيت قرار مي‌دهد. شکنجه و سوء رفتار امري عادي است .

حسيبه حاج سهراوي گفت: ” حضور ايران در مقابل کميته حقوق‌بشر کور سوي اميدي براي قربانيان و خانواده آنهاست. مقامات کشور بايد شروع به گوش کردن به آنها کنند. اجرا و پياده کردن توصيه‌هاي کميته اولين گام مهم خواهد بود“. … (سايت عفو بين الملل- 25/7/1390)


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